What plant can be used to make
  1. fibre
  2. a dye
  3. blotting paper
  4. fine quality paper
  5. a herbicide
  6. livestock feed
  7. a butter
  8. a yoghurt
  9. a vegetable
  10.  a nutritious bread (with other flour)
  11. a tasty snack
  12. a coffee substitute
  13. tobacco
  14. flotation material for life-jackets
  15. microscope slides
 16. This plant's oil is used in making
   Soap, candles,  varnishes, paint,  the finest lubricant.

  And it has these properties:
  1. It's edible oil is said to be the equal of olive oil
  2. Weight for weight, it contains 55% protein (nearly as much as steak)
  3. Contains many vitamins and minerals
  4. Absorbs heavy metals and so is used to remediate toxic soils
  5. Has been used medicinally traditionally for treating high fevers, malaria, snake and spider bites, bronchial infections, digestive disorders, rheumatic pain.
  6. Has potential antioxidant and antimicrobial use. Treatment of bacterial and fungal infection (recent research)
  7. Hyperallogenic latex for rubber gloves, personal-care products (ongoing research)

It is used  by mathematicians to illustrate nature's patterns and numbers?
Pattern of seeds showing theFibonacci series

Van Gogh's sunflowers
And what has been an inspiration to many artists?

Yes.  The remarkable sunflower (Helianthus annuus).
  No wonder the native American Indians have been using it for over 5000 years.    It was not brought to Europe until the 16th century, where the many benefits of its oil were further developed.
Sunflowers are annuals (so why am I including it on a site that talks mainly about perennials? The Land Institute http://www.landinstitute.org/vnews/display.v is  currently exploring the potential of these as a perennial seed crop.
Also, our well-known Jerusalem artichoke is related to the sunflower and is a perennial vegetable.
Sunflowers are impressive in any garden, and come in many colours and sizes.

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